Cycles |
Degrees |
Radians |
---|---|---|

0 | 0 | 0 |

`0.25` |
`90` |
π`/2` |

`0.5` |
`180` |
π |

`0.75` |
`270` |
`3` π`/2` |

`1` |
`360` |
`2` π |

The `math`

modules provide the elementary functions. There are three variations to cope with the different conventions for expressing angles. For example,

use math: math_radians

selects the module that expresses angles in radians. So the trigonometric methods (`math.arc_cosine`

, `math.arc_sine`

, `math.arc_tangent`

, `math.cosine`

, `math.sine`

, and `math.tangent`

) express angles as radians. The descriptions in this section describe `math_radians`

.

Alternatively,

use math: math_degrees

selects the module that expresses angles as degrees, and

use math: math_cycles

selects the module that expresses angles as cycles.

`math.arc_cosine(``number`)

Compute the arc cosine of a ` The ``number` should
be between `-1`

and `1`

. The result is the inverse cosine,
in radians, between `0`

and `2`

π.

`math.arc_sine(``number`)

Compute the arc sine of a ` The ``number` should be
between `-1`

and `1`

. The result is the inverse sine,
in cycles, between `neg(`

π`)`

and π.

`math.arc_tangent(`

`,`

`)`

Compute the arc tangent of a ` If the optional ``denominator` is supplied, then the value is obtained from `number` `/`

`denominator`, using the signs of both to determine the quadrant. The `denominator` is allowed to be `0`

. The result is the inverse
tangent, in radians, between `neg(`

π`)`

and π.

`math.cosine(``number`)

Compute the cosine. ` The ``number` should be
in radians. The result is between `-1`

and `1`

.

`math.e(``power` | 1)

Compute the transcendental constant *e* raised to a `power`.

`math.log(``number`

`)`

Compute the natural logarithm of the `number`.

`math.log_ten(``number`

`)`

Compute the base-10 logarithm of the `number`.

`math.log_two(``number`

`)`

Compute the base-2 logarithm of the `number`.

`math.power(``first`, `second`)

Raise to a power.

`math.root(``radicand`, `number`)

Take the root.

`math.sine(``number`)

Compute the sine. ` The ``number` should be in
radians. The result is the sine, between `-1`

and `1`

.

`math.sqrt(``number`

`)`

The square root of the `number` is computed.

Examples:

set result: sqrt(256) # result is 16 set result: sqrt(-1) # result is null

`math.tangent(``number`)

Compute the tangent. ` The ``number` should be
in radians.